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Siera Grass-roots Agency (SIGA)

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Rehabilitation of Forestry and the Environment in Moyamba District

Introduction

1.This project is primarily designed to help fight poverty in Sierra Leone which according to the UN Human Development Report (2014  is 60% above the national poverty line of less than 1$ per capita per day. .On this basis of classification, alone, Sierra Leone is the poorest country in the world. Sierra Leone has performed worst than all other countries by several other UN indicators. For example,  Sierra Leone has the lowest life expectancy(40.6 years);lowest GDP per capita($202);highest child mortality rate; highest maternal mortality rate .These are vital statistics which are contributing to Sierra  Leone being rated 179th out of 184 countries on the UN Human Development Index (2014). It should also be noted that Sierra Leone has been at the bottom  of the UN Scale consistently for over 10 years. At this level of performance, life can be said to be intolerable in Sierra Leone.Thus,  fighting poverty in Sierra Leone is  of prime national and international concern  as the Government Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper(PRSP) and the UN  Millenium Development Goals(MDG) show.Productivity of the forests and proper environmental management, feature prominently in the fight against poverty in Sierra Leone.

Background

2.Forest lands are the most valuable natural resources of immediate economic importance to the rural community of Sierra Leone in general but for Moyamba District in particular .Forest resources do not only play major role in the social and economic survival, they   dominate the environment as they influnce  climatic change..Unfortunately, for centuries now the forests have been mismanaged. As a consequence agricultural and food security are being negatively affected in varieties of ways and quantity.Plant and animal life on which the population depends are changing and so is the bio-diversity.The FAO reports in 2005 that about 30,000ha of land is being deforested in Sierra Leone annually.The primary forest cover is now in the order of 5%.Forest  cover has given way to secondary bush  and gradually into grasslands.. Clearly this state of affairs has direct relationship with the poverty of the population.The forest degradation has been attributed to the indiscriminate clearing of the forest for farming; mining; exploitation for timber; collection of bush poles for house construction and rehabilitation and uncontrolled fire which has become more widespread of late.This situation was aggravated by the 11 year civil war.With all these factors inter-playing there is no programme of rehabilitation that is comparable to the degree of destruction., Under population pressure the productive capacity of the land has declined and some areas  are being abandoned by farmers.The climate which is strongly related to the degree of forest cover is changing and is consequently contributing to global warming.In a country where about 70% of the population depends on subsistence farming, the rehabilitation of the forests is essential for the survival of the country and consequently, to succeed in fighting  against poverty.

 3..The objective of this project.is to rehabilitate about 5,000 acres of forest in Moyamba District so as to stop the degradation of the existing forests. In due course, under good management, to reverse the trend  and gradually rebuild the forest resources. ..Concurrently, to stabilize the environment so as to have positive impact on the micro-climate and on global warming and for the communities to economically and sustainably harvest the resources in their fight against poverty..

Vision

4.In the foreseable future is a Moyamba District having a green, beautiful and forested countryside; well managed and preserved in such a way as to protect it from unnecessary destruction; ensure the safety of the landscape; waterways; wild life and biodiversity while at the same time ensuring the production of food  and other resources in meeting the needs of the communities and the nation..

Project Implementation/Beneficiaries

5..The project will be implemented by  the various chiefdom Forestry Development Associations under the supervision of SIGA in collaboration with the District Council and the Forestry Department in Moyamba. District.The plan will seek to implement  sound environmental management system that will reduce environmental degradation; promote soil conservation. and erosion control; tree planting and sustained maintenance of the plantations’ control wild bush fire and to introduce an economically viable agro-foresstry resource management programme.

 

6..  There will be about 21,000 individuals who will be direct beneficiaries of this project.They will normally be members of the Forestry Development Associations and community leaders; technical and supporting staff involved in the project. As general indirect beneficiaries there will be about 260,000 citizens of Moyamba District who are in one way or the other also dependent on the forests.

7..In the process of implementation,.  the grassroots communities who own the forests; will be organized, trained and supervised to form Management Committees in which the Forestry Development Associations which will be organized as off-shoots of the existing Farmers Associations will play the main role.These committees will form the core implementing bodies.They will be advised by the Chiefdom and District Committees.The Forestry Department  and SiGA will be represented on each of these committees.

PLAN  OF  ACTIVITIES  FOR  FIVE  YEARS                       

 

Item

Year 1

Year 2

Year  3

Year  4

Year 5

1.

Nursery site @3/chiefdom

42

42

42

42

42

2.

Acres(3 per site)

126

126

126

126

126

3.

Seedlings x1000

315

315

315

315

315

4.

Re-planting (300 seedlings/ac.)acre

1,050

1,050

1,050

1,050

1,050

5

Total costx1,000,000LE.

285.5

245.9

324.1

401.3

480.5

Exchange

Le.2,963 = 1US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note. Total cost includes (i) labour and tools cost in preparing nursery site;(ii)cost of raising the nursery and caring for it until it is mature for transplanting and(iii) cost of transplanting and maintenance of the plantation..

 

8.Each of the 14 chiefdoms in the District will establish three forestry nurseries of 3 acres each.Seedlings will be raised there and utilized to plant the neighboring  forests. About 315,000 seedlings will be raised each year from 42 nurseries distributed in all the chiefdoms and to plant  1,050 acres each year in a 5 year program. To plant a total of 5,200 acres  as shown in the table above.

The key points of emphasis will be; organizing the associations; training them in the various practices; constant supervision of activities and protecting the plantations from destruction.This requires capacity building of the supervising agencies; viz; SIGA and the Forestry Department.

Project Output

9. The following will be the expected outcome of the project;

(i)Community Ownership.At the end of the project, the Moyamba District community would have become aware of the importance of the forests and their role in the sustainable use of the forests .A sustainable management system under the control of the various communities would have been established,

(ii)Environment :Positive impact on the environment and micro-climate would have started;  increasing stabilization of the  biodiversity; minimize soil erosion; improved watershed management; control  wild fire on a permanent basis and slash and burn farming which have been  major sources of destruction of the forests  will be professionally regulated..

 

(iii)               5,200acres of forest reserves and protected forests would have been rehabilitated which represents about 30  % of the area  of forest reserves  and 55 % of protected forests..

 

(iv)1.6 million seedlings would have been produced to  plant  5,200 acres with varieties of economic trees engaging 234,600 man days and earning a total wage of Le.1,173,000,000 and thus making a considerable positive impact on poverty in the district.

(v)The project would have started creating vast opportunities for employment creation in the district and also securing community interest in the forests by providing jobs to staff to the tune of Le.203,500,000 and  security manpower to the tune of Le.378,000,000.

(vi)Investments in the supply of farming tools to the tune of Le.235,600,000 and storage facilities to the tune of Le.261,600,000 would not only enhance forest preservation but would have positive impact on farming activities in the area.

(vii)Institutional development and capacity building of the community will be reflected in the provision of 63,000  trained man days ;improvement in office management and communication system both internally and with the international community and the promotion of transportation in the rural areas.

(viii)As regards the beneficiaries of the project; 21,452 persons would have been engaged in the project work and paid in one form or the other.Indirect beneficiaries on family basis would amount to 128,712 men, women and children.In the broader perspective all of the 260,000 Moyamba district residents and many more living outside the district  through business or otherwise would have benefited from the project and will continue to do so.

The project would have created new opportunities particularly for the youths and the women and thus significantly contributed to raising social and economic standards and thus reducing poverty  in the district.

First year planted trees would have been thinned to give about 100,000 discards which can be sold for fuelwood or for poles at Le.2,000 per stick to fetch Le.200,000,000.

Sustainability

 

10..With the required maintenance and care of the plantations, considerable and sustainable income will be derived from the rehabilitated forests .Potential income can be derived as follows:

 

Fast Growing Short Duration Trees…50% of the total acreage is 2600 acres

(i).:Thinning at about 5 years old       …100 trees per acre @Le.2,000/tree

                                               =Le.200,000 per acre     =Le.520,000,000/2600 acres

 

      (ii).Harvests for fuelwood etc after 5 years—200 trees per acre @Le.5000/tree

=Le.1,000,000 per  acre  =Le.2,600,000,000/2600  acres

 

 

Timber Trees  -Long Duration (15 years)   --50% of the total acreage is 2600 acres

 

      (i)Thinning before full maturity   at 100 trees per acre @Le5,000/tree

                                                      =Le.500,000 per acre  =Le. 1,300,000,000/2600 acres

 

      (ii). Full harvest at age 15    balance 200 trees per acre @Le.30,000/tree current

=Le. 6,000,000 per acre =Le.15,600,000,000

 

At current market price, and marketing strategy, the plantations will yield overLe. 4.4 billion  within the first 10 years of planting and Le.15.6 billions in 15 years..Put against these figures  are  -(i) plantation maintenance cost of  Le.1.2 billions every 5 years and security cost of Le.378,000,000 every 5 years as the main costs under community management.

Since the  main objective of the project is to reduce poverty through the preservation, stabilization and productivity of the forest environment; the rehabilitation of the degraded forests and proper management coupled with regulated exploitation is one of the most natural ways of fighting poverty particularly as the forests are in abundance and  their products are in demand.Thus in one cycle of 15 years, 5000 acres of a well managed forest can bring a total income of about Le.20.0 billion as against expenditure of Le/6.2 billion.

Summary Budget

 

11.  Summary Budget

 

COST  SHARING  (Le.1,000,000.0)

Item

total

donor

beneficiary

SIGA

1, 5000 acres forest land @ Le.3.0/acre            

 

 

15,000.0

 

 

            -                 

 

 

15,000.0

 

 

 

            -

 

2labour for nursery bed preparation .

  1. nursery site

3.seeding &nursery care

 

 

126.0

 

321.5

 

 

126.0

 

321.5

 

 

           -

 

           -

 

 

            -

 

           -

4. field planting&maintenance

 

 1,173.0

 

1,173.0

 

            -

 

             -

5. field stores construction

 

 321.3               

 

   321.3

 

            -

 

             -

6. training support

   21.0

     21.0

            -

             -

7. security  - 42 sites       

 

 302.4

    302.4

            -

             -

8. office&field equipment

 

 195.7

 

    195.7

 

            -

 

             -

9. office supplies

 

 10.0

 

      10.0

 

            -

 

             -

10 office rental

 15.0

         -

            -

         15.0

11. personnel

 205.5

     185.0

            -

         20.5

 

12.            Total

 

 17,754.4

 

  2,712.6

 

 15,000.0

 

         41.8

13 Management and supervision cost(15% total)

     2,663.1

     406.8           

     2,250.0

           6.3

                   

 

 

 

 

Grand Total

 20,417.5

 

 

 

 3,019.4

 17,250.0

            48.1

 

US$                                7,763,310        1,019,040               5,821,800          16,2340

 

   Exchange Rate                               1US$ =Le.2,963                                                                                                                                                  

 

                                                      

 

Monitoring and Evaluation.                                       

12. The  district level Management Committee  will setup a technical sub-committee for each chiefdom that will monitor and evaluate the project. The subcommittees will be composed of persons with technical background in the key areas of activity –viz; forest nursery practice; forest plantation maintenance; agro-forestry; harvesting and marketing forest products  and project management.The membership of the sub-committees may be drawn from outside the Management Committees.The team will use as guideline the bench marks that are set in the plan of implementation.

Project targets will be pursued; record of meetings, major activities;  input supplied and how utilized and other project bench marks and impact of the project on the beneficiaries and the community at large.The beneficiaries will be trained to be aware of these informatis and the supervisors will make monthly monitoring assessment of the project activities.At the higher and integrated level, SIGA will lead a team of evaluators including the technical sub-committees every 6 months from the start of the project.They will examine previous monitoring reports against progress made and also evaluate performance against the plan of implementation.The SIGA Accountant will prepare monthly  balance sheet of expenditure and present it during the 6-monthly evaluation meeting of beneficiaries; the various management committees; the technical sub-committee and SIGA.  for discussion and recommendations.

35 Ferguson Street * Freetown, Sierra Leone West Africa

                    Tel:+232- 22 220884                              Mobile: +232 -76-603491